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Faculty for Biology, Chemistry, and Earth Sciences

Environmental Geochemistry Group - Prof. Dr. Britta Planer-Friedrich

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Wang, J; Halder, D; Wegner, L; Brüggenwirth, L; Schaller, J; Martin, M; Said-Pullicino, D; Romani, M; Planer-Friedrich, B: Redox Dependence of Thioarsenate Occurrence in Paddy Soils and the Rice Rhizosphere, Environmental Science and Technology, 54(7), 3940-3950 (2020), doi:10.1021/acs.est.9b05639

In flooded paddy soils, inorganic and methylated thioarsenates contribute substantially to arsenic speciation besides the much-better-investigated oxyarsenic species, and thioarsenate uptake into rice plants has recently been shown. To better understand their fate when soil redox conditions change, i.e. from flooding to drainage to reflooding, batch incubations and unplanted microcosm experiments were conducted with two paddy soils covering redox potentials from EH -260 to +200 mV. Further, occurrence of thioarsenates in the oxygenated rice rhizosphere was investigated using planted rhizobox experiments. Soil flooding resulted in rapid formation of inorganic thioarsenates with a dominance of trithioarsenate. Maximum thiolation of inorganic oxyarsenic species was 57% at EH -130 mV and oxidation caused nearly complete dethiolation. Only monothioarsenate formed again upon reflooding and was the major inorganic thioarsenate detected in the rhizosphere. Maximum thiolation of mono- and dimethylated oxyarsenates was about 70% and 100%, respectively, below EH 0 mV. Dithiolated species dominated over monothiolated species below EH -100 mV. Among all thioarsenates, dimethylated monothioarsenate showed the least transformation upon prolonged oxidation. It also was the major thiolated arsenic species in the rhizosphere with concentrations comparable to its precursor dimethylated oxyarsenate, which is especially critical since dimethylated monothioarsenate is highly carcinogenic.

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